Encyclopedia: Medicated OTC & EPA Registered Ingredients
Benzoic acid has been shown to provide anti-fungal properties when aiding in treating infections, skin irritations, and insect bites. The salts of benzoic acid are also widely used as a food preservative.
This synthetic compound has anti-infective, antiseptic and surfactant (detergent) properties. This ingredient is active against bacteria, fungi, mold, and viruses and is found in many cosmetic products such as first-aid kits, anti-itch products, mouthwashes, and disinfectants.
Chlorhexidine is a common anti-bacterial ingredient used in many disinfectants for the skin, as well as cosmetics such as: toothpaste, mouthwash, deodorants, and antiperspirants. It effective works against both gram-positive and gram-negative organisms, and yeasts.
Coal tar is a keratoplastic (sheds dead skin cells from the top layer to allow growth of new skin cells) and is used to help alleviate dermatological issues such as itching, flaking, and scaling due to seborrheic dermatitis or psoriasis.
Anti-inflammatory agent to help accelerate pets’ natural healing process while preventing the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation. Provides relief from pain and itching as well as reduces itching, redness, and swelling.
Ketoconazole is a synthetic antifungal drug used in many topical medications to treat fungal and yeast infections, as well as dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis. It’s effective against athlete’s foot, ringworm, candidiasis, jock itch, and tinea versicolor. It can be taken orally, or applied topically.
An alpha-hydroxy acid, naturally exfoliates, buffers and conditions skin.
A highly effective anesthetic, provides immediate topical relief from pain associated with minor skin irritations and rashes due to flea bites, poison ivy, hot spots, allergies, and more. Mitigates pain associated with the irritated area.
Sulfur has a variety of beneficial properties for optimizing health. It’s well-known for providing joint health benefits, has been shown to aid in reducing chronic inflammation, has detoxifying properties, and can help with oxidation damage. Sulfur has also been used for years as a fungicide and pesticide. For pets, it’s used to help destroy ringworm, seborrhea, mange, and other dermatoses and parasites. For humans, it’s been used to help treat acne, scabies mites, and seborrheic dermatitis.
Permethrin is a synthetic medication used as an insecticide and insect repellent. It also treats scabies. It’s widely used in many pet flea & tick products and requires an epa registration for its use.
Pyrethrum (pyrethrins) is the natural insecticide and pest repellant made from chrysanthemum’s – using the dried flower heads which are poisonous. Pyrethrum exposure may cause pruritus (itching), red skin, sneezing, and other dermatological issues if there is a reaction.
Salicylic acid is best known as an active ingredient used in many otc human acne products. It’s also known for relieving aches and pains with its anti-inflammatory properties, as well as reducing fevers. And, salicylic acid is used widely for skin-care products to treat seborrheic dermatitis, acne, psoriasis, dandruff, and even warts. It works to help shed the cells of the epidermis, allowing clogged pores to open, neutralize bacteria, and then prevents pores from re-clogging by constricting them and allowing for new cell growth.
Stabilized Chlorine Dioxide
Anti-microbial agent that activates, releases and destroys bad breath causing germs & bacteria microorganisms when exposed to periodontal pathogens & acidic areas where plaque has formed. Treats & prevents gingivitis, plaque & tartar, and periodontal disease while also whitening teeth over time.
Zinc pyrithione is used widely to treat seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, eczema, ringworm, fungus, athlete’s food, dry skin and dandruff because of its fungistatic (inhibits division of fungal cells) and bacteriostatic (inhibits bacterial cell division) properties.